Brazil, Home to the Amazon, the party city of Rio, the world’s greatest carnival and the most beautiful beaches
The world champions of hedonism were no doubt aided by a lush land and steamy climate, but still there is something different about Brazilians.
What to do in Brasil?
One of the largest countries in the world, Brazil certainly has plenty to see – the Amazon and Iguassu Falls spring immediately to mind – but more than anything it’s the Brazilian passion for life, epitomized by Rio’s Carnival celebrations, that will make you fall in love and want to return again.
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Some of the earliest human remains found in the Americas, Luzia Woman, were found in the area of Pedro Leopoldo, Minas Gerais and provide evidence of human habitation going back at least 11,000 years.
Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. The ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d’état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil’s current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. The federation is composed of the union of the Federal District, the 26 states, and the 5,570 municipalities.
The land now called Brazil was claimed for the Portuguese Empire on 22 April 1500, with the arrival of the Portuguese fleet commanded by Pedro Álvares Cabral. The Portuguese encountered indigenous peoples divided into several tribes, most of whom spoke languages of the Tupi–Guarani family, and fought among themselves. Though the first settlement was founded in 1532, colonization effectively began in 1534, when King Dom João III of Portugal divided the territory into the fifteen private and autonomous Captaincy Colonies of Brazil.
However, the decentralized and unorganized tendencies of the captaincy colonies proved problematic, and in 1549 the Portuguese king restructured them into the Governorate General of Brazil, a single and centralized Portuguese colony in South America.In the first two centuries of colonization, Indigenous and European groups lived in constant war, establishing opportunistic alliances in order to gain advantages against each other.By the mid-16th century, cane sugar had become Brazil’s most important exportation product, and slaves purchased in Sub-Saharan Africa, in the slave market of Western Africa (not only those from Portuguese allies of their colonies in Angola and Mozambique), had become its largest import, to cope with plantations of sugarcane, due to increasing international demand for Brazilian sugar.
CERTAINLY, IF YOU ARE PLANNING A LONGER SOUTH AMERICA TOUR, TRAVELING TO MACHUPICCHU IS A MUST.
We do not publish prices on our website as they vary enormously for tailor-made travel. We will be delighted to discuss the various options in more detail with you, to come back with a complete quotation. Our prices may not be always the lowest as we do not compromise on quality or safety.
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We’re not a big company, and we don’t pretend to be. We like to keep close to our customers and our offer range from tailor made South America tours and customized tours with private tour guides for single travelers and small groups. We will give our best to make your South America tour unforgettable and we will leave nothing to chance.
We ensures in the South America tours that all its partners are ‘environmentally friendly’ to preserve our environment for those who follow us. We will continue to promote sustainable and responsible tourism to ensure everything for generations to come.
QUALITY GUIDES AND TRAVEL ARRANGEMENTS
Behind every outstanding travel experience stands a great tour guide. We select only the best tour guides; great attention is paid to their training and social skills. They are not just history teachers who will provide you just with dates and names but they will also tell you about the culture, people, customs and else of South America.